Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Brain Behav Immun. 2009 Oct;23(7):887-97. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2009.04.005. Epub 2009 Apr 21.

To assess, to control, to exclude: effects of biobehavioral factors on circulating inflammatory markers.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California at Los Angeles, Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA. mfoconnor@mednet.ucla.edu

Abstract

Behavioral scientists have increasingly included inflammatory biology as mechanisms in their investigation of psychosocial dynamics on the pathobiology of disease. However, a lack of standardization of inclusion and exclusion criteria and assessment of relevant control variables impacts the interpretation of these studies. The present paper reviews and discusses human biobehavioral factors that can affect the measurement of circulating markers of inflammation. Keywords relevant to inflammatory biology and biobehavioral factors were searched through PubMed. Age, sex, and hormonal status, socioeconomic status, ethnicity and race, body mass index, exercise, diet, caffeine, smoking, alcohol, sleep disruption, antidepressants, aspirin, and medications for cardiovascular disease are all reviewed. A tiered set of recommendations as to whether each variable should be assessed, controlled for, or used as an exclusion criteria is provided. These recommendations provide a framework for observational and intervention studies investigating linkages between psychosocial and behavioral factors and inflammation.

PMID:
19389469
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2749909
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk