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Transfusion. 2009 Feb;49(2):206-13. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2008.01978.x.

ADAMTS13 binds to CD36: a potential mechanism for platelet and endothelial localization of ADAMTS13.

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  • 1Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, USA. am.davis@alfred.org.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

ADAMTS13 cleaves ultralarge von Willebrand factor (VWF) and plays a significant role in vascular biology and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. CD36, a transmembrane protein present on endothelial cells and platelets (PLTs), binds to thrombospondin via three thrombospondin type 1 repeats. ADAMTS13 contains eight thrombospondin type 1 repeats.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS:

An enzyme-linked immunoassay was used to explore the binding of recombinant human CD36 (rHuCD36) to recombinant human ADAMTS13 (rHuADAMTS13). A competition assay between rHuADAMTS13 and recombinant human (rHu)-thrombospondin-2 for binding to CD36 was then performed. Subsequently, binding of rHuADAMTS13 to PLT membrane fragments expressing CD36 (PLT glycoprotein IV) and glycoprotein Ib/IX was assessed. To examine the functional significance of an ADAMTS13-CD36 interaction, ADAMTS13 activity measured by a fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay was investigated in the presence of either rHuCD36 or concentrated PLTs.

RESULTS:

rHuCD36 bound to rHuADAMTS13 in a dose-dependent fashion. rHu-thrombospondin-2 competed with ADAMTS13 for CD36 occupancy, but even high concentrations of rHu-thrombospondin-2 failed to completely block binding of rHuADAMTS13 to rHuCD36. rHuADAMTS13 bound to PLT membrane fragments expressing CD36 (PLT glycoprotein IV) in preference to PLT membrane fragments expressing glycoprotein Ib/IX. ADAMTS13 activity was not inhibited by the presence of either rHuCD36 or concentrated PLTs.

CONCLUSION:

rHuADAMTS13 binds to both rHuCD36 and PLT membrane CD36 in vitro. The binding of CD36 to rHuADAMTS13 with retention of its enzymatic activity is consistent with a proposed role for CD36 in localizing ADAMTS13 on the endothelial cell surface where it regulates the cleavage of VWF.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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