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Stem Cell Res. 2009 Jan;2(1):78-82. doi: 10.1016/j.scr.2008.07.002. Epub 2008 Jul 23.

Correlation between preimplantation genetic diagnosis for chromosomal aneuploidies and the efficiency of establishing human ES cell lines.

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  • 1Reproductive Genetics Institute, Chicago, IL 60657, USA.

Abstract

There are several sources from which human embryonic stem cell (hESC) lines can be generated: surplus embryos after in vitro fertilization procedures, one- and three-pronuclear zygotes, early arrested or highly fragmented embryos that have reached the blastocyst stage, or otherwise chromosomally or genetically abnormal embryos after preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD). We report on the efficiency of establishing hESC lines from blastocysts with proven meiotic or mitotic errors after sequential testing of both polar bodies and blastomere analysis on day 3. The success rate of establishing hESC lines originating from blastocysts carrying a meiotic error was as low as 2.4% and differed significantly from the success rate of establishing hESC lines originating from blastocysts with balanced meiotic errors (21.6%) or mitotic errors (after sequential testing (9.1%) and after blastomere testing alone (12.2%)). This suggests that it may be reasonable to apply sequential PGD prior to the initiation of hESC culture. Information about the karyotype may in the future help refine the methods and possibly improve the efficiency by which hESC lines are derived from embryos with prezygotic abnormalities. Additionally, it may in general prove very difficult to obtain abnormal hESC lines for scientific study from aneuploid PGD embryos, which will limit our ability to study the biological consequences of chromosomal abnormalities. Furthermore, the success rates for generating aneuploid cell lines originating from fertilized oocytes carrying a prezygotic nondisjunction error seem to mirror the miscarriage rates during pregnancy of embryos carrying such errors.

PMID:
19383411
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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