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Mol Oncol. 2008 Oct;2(3):261-71. doi: 10.1016/j.molonc.2008.07.002. Epub 2008 Jul 23.

MYCN-non-amplified metastatic neuroblastoma with good prognosis and spontaneous regression: a molecular portrait of stage 4S.

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  • 1Molecular Interactions in Cancer CNRS-UMR 8126, IFR54, Institut Gustave Roussy, 39, rue C. Desmoulins, Villejuif 94805 Cedex, France.


Stage 4 neuroblastoma (NB) are heterogeneous regarding their clinical presentations and behavior. Indeed infants (stage 4S and non-stage 4S of age <365days at diagnosis) show regression contrasting with progression in children (>365days). Our study aimed at: (i) identifying age-based genomic and gene expression profiles of stage 4 NB supporting this clinical stratification; and (ii) finding a stage 4S NB signature. Differential genome and transcriptome analyses of a learning set of MYCN-non amplified stage 4 NB tumors at diagnosis (n=29 tumors including 12 stage 4S) were performed using 1Mb BAC microarrays and Agilent 22K probes oligo-microarrays. mRNA chips data following filtering yielded informative genes before supervised hierarchical clustering to identify relationship among tumor samples. After confirmation by quantitative RT-PCR, a stage 4S NB's gene cluster was obtained and submitted to a validation set (n=22 tumors). Genomic abnormalities of infant's tumors (whole chromosomes gains or loss) differ radically from that of children (intra-chromosomal rearrangements) but could not discriminate infants with 4S from those without this presentation. In contrast, differential gene expression by looking at both individual genes and whole biological pathways leads to a molecular stage 4S NB portrait which provides new biological clues about this fascinating entity.

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