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Eur J Pharmacol. 2009 Jun 24;613(1-3):19-23. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2009.04.013. Epub 2009 Apr 18.

Morroniside protects human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells against hydrogen peroxide-induced cytotoxicity.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Key Laboratory for Neurodegenerative Diseases of Ministry of Education, Beijing, China.


Oxidative stress-induced cell damage has been implicated in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders. Morroniside, an iridorid glycoside isolated from Cornus officinalis Sieb. Et Zucc., has shown potent antioxidant properties. The present study investigated the protective actions of morroniside against the cytotoxicity produced by exposure to H(2)O(2) (300-500 microM) in SH-SY5Y cells. Intracellular accumulation of Ca(2+), and decreases in mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) caused by added H(2)O(2) were reduced by morroniside. Incubation of cells with H(2)O(2) caused a marked decrease in superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity; this decrease was significantly inhibited by morroniside. In addition, the percentage of cells undergoing H(2)O(2)-induced apoptosis was decreased, dose dependently, in the presence of morroniside. These results suggest that morroniside has protective effects against oxidative stress-induced neurotoxic processes.

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