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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009 Jun;200(6):674.e1-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2009.02.021. Epub 2009 Apr 18.

Reduction of elective inductions in a large community hospital.

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  • 1Division of Perinatal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Swedish Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USA.



Our goal was to lower unplanned primary cesarean deliveries by reducing elective inductions.


To implement and sustain an induction management program, a committee of care providers reviewed induction rates. "Elective" and other categories were defined. An induction consent form was drafted. Consent compliance, induction rates, hours in labor and delivery and mode of delivery were evaluated. Outcomes were compared with historical data from 2 years earlier.


A total of 10,166 nulliparas and 9869 multiparas attempted vaginal deliveries. Elective inductions decreased significantly, from 4.3% to 0.8% in nulliparas and from 13% to 9.5% in multiparas. A longer time to delivery was seen for both nulliparas (5.2 hours) and multiparas (4 hours) with elective inductions. Unplanned primary cesarean delivery rates are significantly lower in spontaneously laboring women, compared with those induced.


A program aimed at reducing elective inductions was successfully implemented and sustained.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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