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Transplant Proc. 2009 Apr;41(3):799-801. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2009.02.043.

Behavior profile of family members of donors and nondonors of organs.

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  • 1Heart Institute (InCor) of the University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Heart Transplantation Unit, Sao Paulo, Brazil. bianca.nascimento@incor.usp.br

Abstract

Organ transplant shortage is a global problem caused by several factors, most of which are related to members of the family, who play a major role in the donation process.

OBJECTIVE:

We sought to determine the most determinant features in the donor profile that relate to positive decisions versus refusal of donation.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Fifty-six families who were approached by the Organ Procurement Organization (OPO) from November 2004 to April 2006 agreed to participate in this work. To assess donor profiles, we used a structured interview.

RESULTS:

Parental involvement directly in decisions about donation lead to significantly less frequent consent (P = .005), young donor age was associated with a reduced probability of donation (P = .002), violent death negatively influenced donation consent, excluding suicide (P = .004).

CONCLUSION:

The present study showed violent death, young patient age, and parental donation consent to be the most important factors that make it harder to obtain consent organ donation. When a collateral relative (sibling/uncle) or children were responsible for the donation decision, there was more success of consent.

PMID:
19376356
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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