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Expert Rev Anticancer Ther. 2009 Apr;9(4):511-23. doi: 10.1586/era.09.7.

Novel therapeutic agents for osteosarcoma.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, The Children's Hospital at Montefiore, 3415 Bainbridge Avenue, Rosenthal 3rd floor, Bronx, NY 10467, USA. koday@montefiore.org


Osteosarcoma is the most common malignant primary bone tumor in childhood. Despite multiagent chemotherapy and aggressive surgical resection, 30% of patients with localized disease and 80% of patients with metastatic disease at diagnosis will relapse. Survival for these patients has remained unchanged over the past 20 years. A number of novel agents in various stages of development hold promise for improving therapy for patients with osteosarcoma. This article will focus on novel therapeutic approaches, including agents targeting signal-transduction pathways, inhibitors of the tumor microenvironment and immunomodulatory agents, as well as overcoming resistance mechanisms and the use of novel delivery mechanisms.

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