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Outpatient thyroid surgery and the advances making it possible.

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  • 1Department of Otolaryngology, University of Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

To review the literature regarding the safety and feasibility of outpatient thyroid surgery.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Outpatient thyroidectomy is increasingly reported especially for hemithyroidectomy. Meta-analysis of 11 randomized trials comparing routine drain with no drains found no significant difference in respiratory distress or wound reexploration but found an increased length of stay with drain usage. In addition to risk from delayed hematoma formation, risk of hypocalcemia developing from hypoparathyroidism has traditionally challenged outpatient total or completion thyroidectomy. Routine calcium and vitamin D supplementation has been shown to reduce the risk of hypocalcemia. A meta-analysis of rapid postoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) measurement confirmed a significantly increased risk of hypocalcemia for PTH less than 15 pg/ml.

SUMMARY:

Outpatient thyroidectomy is increasingly performed and reported. The senior author currently offers outpatient thyroidectomy for patients not requiring drain placement (smaller goiters without significant blood loss) and with postanesthesia care unit PTH levels of at least 30 pg/ml or with postanesthesia care unit PTH levels of at least 20 pg/ml with oral calcium supplementation.

PMID:
19373959
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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