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Opt Express. 2009 Apr 13;17(8):6591-9.

Invisibility cloaks for toroids.

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  • 1Department of Physics and Institute for Quantum Studies, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA.


The material properties of toroidal invisibility cloaks are derived based on the coordinate transformation method. The permittivity and permeability tensors for toroidal cloaks are substantially different from those for spherical cloaks, but quite similar to those for 2D cylindrical cloaks because a singularity is involved at the inner boundary in both the cases. The cloaking effect is confirmed by the electric field distribution in the vicinity of toroidal cloaks simulated from the generalized discrete-dipole approximation (DDA) method. This study extends the concept of electromagnetic cloaking of arbitrarily-shaped objects to a complex geometry.

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