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Afr Health Sci. 2008 Sep;8(3):136-41.

Post traumatic stress disorder among former child soldiers attending a rehabilitative service and primary school education in northern Uganda.

Author information

  • 1Faculty of Medicine, Gulu University, P.O. Box 166, Gulu. emilio.ovuga@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was prompted by the psychiatric hospitalization of 12 former child soldiers of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) at a rehabilitation school in northern Uganda with a case of mass psychotic behavior.

OBJECTIVES:

To report the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder, depressed mood, and associated risk factors.

METHODS:

Data on post-traumatic stress disorder, depressed mood, physical disabilities, socio-demographic variables, and the children's war experiences were collected in face-to-face interviews using the Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ), a modified Hopkins Symptoms Check-List (HSCL), and a 15-item War Trauma Experience Check-list (WTECL-15). Data was analyzed with SPSS version 11.0.

RESULTS:

There were 58 girls and 44 boys. Eighty nine children (87.3%) reported having experienced ten or more war-related traumatic psychological events; 55.9% of the children suffered from symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, 88.2%, symptoms of depressed mood and 21.6% had various forms of physical disability. Nearly half of the children (42.2%) reported a positive family history of severe mental illness; 10.8%, a family history of suicide; 22.5%, a family history of suicide attempt; and 45.1%, a family history of alcohol abuse. Children who experienced 10 or more traumatic war events were more likely than the rest to experience depressed mood. Return through a reception center or through a cleansing ritual did not protect against depression.

DISCUSSION:

Post-traumatic stress disorder among former LRA child soldiers at a rehabilitation centre in northern Uganda is presented. The report highlights the huge unmet need for psychological services among former child soldiers of the LRA.

PMID:
19357739
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2583264
Free PMC Article
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