Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Neurotrauma. 2009 Oct;26(10):1635-43. doi: 10.1089/neu.2009-0896.

Neurometabolite concentrations in gray and white matter in mild traumatic brain injury: an 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy study.

Author information

  • 1The Mind Research Network, Albuquerque, New Mexico 7131, USA. chuck@unm.edu

Abstract

Single-voxel proton magnetic resonance imaging ((1)H-MRS) and proton MR spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRSI) were used to compare brain metabolite levels in semi-acute mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) patients (n = 10) and matched healthy controls (n = 9). The (1)H-MRS voxel was positioned in the splenium, a region known to be susceptible to axonal injury in TBI, and a single (1)H-MRSI slice was positioned above the lateral ventricles. To increase sensitivity to the glutamate (Glu) and the combined glutamate-glutamine (Glx) signal, an inter-pulse echo time shown to emphasize the major Glu signals was used along with an analysis method that reduces partial volume errors by using water as a concentration standard. Our preliminary findings indicate significantly lower levels of gray matter Glx and higher levels of white matter creatine-phosphocreatine (Cr) in mTBI subjects relative to healthy controls. Furthermore, Cr levels were predictive of executive function and emotional distress in the combined groups. These results suggest that perturbations in Cr, a critical component of the brain's energy metabolism, and Glu, the brain's major neurotransmitter, may occur following mTBI. Moreover, the different pattern of results for gray and white matter suggests tissue-specific metabolic responses to mTBI.

PMID:
19355814
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2822798
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk