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Nat Nanotechnol. 2009 Apr;4(4):239-44. doi: 10.1038/nnano.2008.418. Epub 2009 Feb 1.

Bottom-up growth of fully transparent contact layers of indium tin oxide nanowires for light-emitting devices.

Author information

  • 1Department of Physics, and Materials and Surface Science Institute, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland. colm.odwyer@ul.ie

Abstract

Thin layers of indium tin oxide are widely used as transparent coatings and electrodes in solar energy cells, flat-panel displays, antireflection coatings, radiation protection and lithium-ion battery materials, because they have the characteristics of low resistivity, strong absorption at ultraviolet wavelengths, high transmission in the visible, high reflectivity in the far-infrared and strong attenuation in the microwave region. However, there is often a trade-off between electrical conductivity and transparency at visible wavelengths for indium tin oxide and other transparent conducting oxides. Here, we report the growth of layers of indium tin oxide nanowires that show optimum electronic and photonic properties and demonstrate their use as fully transparent top contacts in the visible to near-infrared region for light-emitting devices.

PMID:
19350034
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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