Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Apr;163(4):297-302. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2008.579.

Self-regulation and rapid weight gain in children from age 3 to 12 years.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biobehavioral Health, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA, USA. lfrancis@psu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the extent to which self-regulatory capacities, measured behaviorally at ages 3 and 5 years, were linked to rapid weight gain in children from age 3 to 12 years. Self-regulation failure, or the inability to control an impulse or behavior, has been implicated as a mechanism in the development of overweight.

DESIGN:

Prospective longitudinal cohort study.

SETTING:

Home and laboratory-based settings in 10 sites across the United States.

PARTICIPANTS:

Data were drawn from 1061 children as part of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development. Main Exposure Self-regulatory capacity was measured in 2 behavioral protocols; children participated in a self-control procedure at age 3 years and a delay of gratification procedure at age 5 years.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Age- and sex-specific body mass index (BMI) z scores were calculated based on measured BMI at 6 points.

RESULTS:

Mixed-modeling analyses were used to examine differences in the rate of weight gain over time based on the extent to which children exhibited the ability to self-regulate in the behavioral procedures. Compared with children who showed high self-regulation in both behavioral protocols at ages 3 and 5 years, children who exhibited a compromised ability to self-regulate had the highest BMI z scores at each point and the most rapid gains in BMI z scores over the 9-year period. Effects of pubertal status were also noted for girls.

CONCLUSION:

Self-regulation failure in early childhood may predispose children to excessive weight gain through early adolescence.

Comment in

PMID:
19349557
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk