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J Clin Oncol. 2009 Jun 1;27(16):2604-14. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2008.20.6300. Epub 2009 Apr 6.

Comprehensive pharmacogenetic analysis of irinotecan neutropenia and pharmacokinetics.

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  • 1The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA. finnocen@medicine.bsd.uchicago.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We aim to identify genetic variation, in addition to the UGT1A1*28 polymorphism, that can explain the variability in irinotecan (CPT-11) pharmacokinetics and neutropenia in cancer patients.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

Pharmacokinetic, genetic, and clinical data were obtained from 85 advanced cancer patients treated with single-agent CPT-11 every 3 weeks at doses of 300 mg/m(2) (n = 20) and 350 mg/m(2) (n = 65). Forty-two common variants were genotyped in 12 candidate genes of the CPT-11 pathway using several methodologies. Univariate and multivariate models of absolute neutrophil count (ANC) nadir and pharmacokinetic parameters were evaluated.

RESULTS:

Almost 50% of the variation in ANC nadir is explained by UGT1A1*93, ABCC1 IVS11 -48C>T, SLCO1B1*1b, ANC baseline levels, sex, and race (P < .0001). More than 40% of the variation in CPT-11 area under the curve (AUC) is explained by ABCC2 -24C>T, SLCO1B1*5, HNF1A 79A>C, age, and CPT-11 dose (P < .0001). Almost 30% of the variability in SN-38 (the active metabolite of CPT-11) AUC is explained by ABCC1 1684T>C, ABCB1 IVS9 -44A>G, and UGT1A1*93 (P = .004). Other models explained 17%, 23%, and 27% of the variation in APC (a metabolite of CPT-11), SN-38 glucuronide (SN-38G), and SN-38G/SN-38 AUCs, respectively. When tested in univariate models, pretreatment total bilirubin was able to modify the existing associations between genotypes and phenotypes.

CONCLUSION:

On the basis of this exploratory analysis, common polymorphisms in genes encoding for ABC and SLC transporters may have a significant impact on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of CPT-11. Confirmatory studies are required.

Comment in

PMID:
19349540
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2690389
Free PMC Article

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