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Mech Dev. 2009 Jul;126(7):523-38. doi: 10.1016/j.mod.2009.03.007. Epub 2009 Apr 2.

Interactions of 40LoVe within the ribonucleoprotein complex that forms on the localization element of Xenopus Vg1 mRNA.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA.


Proline rich RNA-binding protein (Prrp), which associates with mRNAs that employ the late pathway for localization in Xenopus oocytes, was used as bait in a yeast two-hybrid screen of an expression library. Several independent clones were recovered that correspond to a paralog of 40LoVe, a factor required for proper localization of Vg1 mRNA to the vegetal cortex. 40LoVe is present in at least three alternatively spliced isoforms; however, only one, corresponding to the variant identified in the two-hybrid screen, can be crosslinked to Vg1 mRNA. In vitro binding assays revealed that 40LoVe has high affinity for RNA, but exhibits little binding specificity on its own. Nonetheless, it was only found associated with localized mRNAs in oocytes. 40LoVe also interacts directly with VgRBP71 and VgRBP60/hnRNP I; it is the latter factor that likely determines the binding specificity of 40LoVe. Initially, 40LoVe binds to Vg1 mRNA in the nucleus and remains with the RNA in the cytoplasm. Immunohistochemical staining of oocytes shows that the protein is distributed between the nucleus and cytoplasm, consistent with nucleocytoplasmic shuttling activity. 40LoVe is excluded from the mitochondrial cloud, which is used by RNAs that localize through the early (METRO) pathway in stage I oocytes; nonetheless, it is associated with at least some early pathway RNAs during later stages of oogenesis. A phylogenetic analysis of 2xRBD hnRNP proteins combined with other experimental evidence suggests that 40LoVe is a distant homolog of Drosophila Squid.

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