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Neuromuscul Disord. 2009 May;19(5):352-6. doi: 10.1016/j.nmd.2009.03.001. Epub 2009 Apr 1.

Further evidence of Fukutin mutations as a cause of childhood onset limb-girdle muscular dystrophy without mental retardation.

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  • 1Children's Hospital of Orange County, Division of Metabolic Disorders, Orange, CA 92868, USA. rpuckett@choc.org

Abstract

The dystroglycanopathies comprise a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of muscular dystrophies characterized by deficient glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan. Mutations in the fukutin (FKTN) gene have primarily been identified among patients with classic Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), a severe form of dystroglycanopathy characterized by CMD, cobblestone lissencephaly and ocular defects. We describe two brothers of Caucasian and Japanese ancestry with normal intelligence and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD) due to compound heterozygous FKTN mutations. Muscle biopsy showed a dystrophy with selectively reduced alpha-dystroglycan glycoepitope immunostaining. Immunoblots revealed hypoglycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan and loss of laminin binding. FKTN gene sequencing identified two variants: c.340G>A and c.527T>C, predicting missense mutations p.A114T and p.F176S, respectively. Our results provide further evidence for ethnic and allelic heterogeneity and the presence of milder phenotypes in FKTN-dystroglycanopathy despite a substantial degree of alpha-dystroglycan hypoglycosylation in skeletal muscle.

PMID:
19342235
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2698593
Free PMC Article
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