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Opt Express. 2009 Mar 30;17(7):4944-58.

Optimal use of the information provided by indirect measurements of atmospheric vertical profiles.

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  • 1Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Sesto Fiorentino, Firenze, Italy.


A procedure for the optimal utilization and representation of the information retrieved from atmospheric observations is discussed. We show that the "measurement-space solution" exclusively contains the information present in the observations, but is not suitable for a representation of the retrieved profile in the form of a graph. The new method of the "null-space regularization", which provides in a complement space an external constraint and makes the solution compliant with this representation, is presented. In this way the measurement and the constraint are separately determined and are given in a vertical grid that can be freely chosen as fine as desired. The method is applied to simulated measurements and is used to define a procedure for data fusion.

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