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J Occup Health Psychol. 2009 Apr;14(2):137-47. doi: 10.1037/a0014247.

The moderating role of safety-specific trust on the relation between safety-specific leadership and safety citizenship behaviors.

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  • 1School of Psychology, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.s.m.conchie@liverpool.ac.uk


The authors examined whether safety-specific trust moderates or mediates the relationship between safety-specific transformational leadership and subordinates' safety citizenship behavior. Data from 139 subordinate-supervisor dyads were collected from the United Kingdom construction industry and analyzed using hierarchical regression models. Results showed that safety-specific trust moderated rather than mediated the effects of safety-specific transformational leaders on subordinates' behavior. Specifically, in conditions of high and moderate safety-specific trust, leaders had a significant effect on subordinates' safety citizenship behavior. However, in conditions of low safety-specific trust, leaders did not significantly influence subordinates' safety citizenship behavior. The implications of these findings for general safety theory and practice are discussed.

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