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Am J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jul;148(1):32-7.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2009.01.016. Epub 2009 Mar 27.

Corneal deturgescence after Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty evaluated by Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography.

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  • 1University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate postoperative corneal deturgescence after Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) using the Visante anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) system (Carl Zeiss Meditec Inc, Dublin, California, USA).

DESIGN:

Retrospective case series.

METHODS:

We included 21 eyes (9 males and 12 females; mean age +/- standard deviation, 76.3 +/- 12 years). The Visante OCT system was used to determine the central and peripheral endothelial keratoplasty graft thickness and total central and peripheral corneal thickness.

RESULTS:

Central graft thickness decreased from the first day (243.3 +/- 92 microm) to the last visit (147.8 +/- 44 microm; P = .0001). The rate of central graft thinning slowed during the following intervals: during the first week (47 microm), at 1 week to 1 month (40 microm), and at 1 to 6 months (25 microm), with a mild increase at 6 to 9 months (5 microm). Peripheral graft thickness continued to decrease from postoperative day 1 (318.5 +/- 99 microm) to the last visit (196.7 +/- 50 microm; P = .0001). There was a decrease in total central corneal thickness from day 1 (903.8 +/- 179 microm) to the last visit (671 +/- 93 microm; P = .0001). All patients were imaged with the Visante OCT at the first 4 defined postoperative intervals; however, only 9 eyes were imaged at the last interval of 6 to 9 months.

CONCLUSIONS:

After DSAEK, there is a greater thinning of the central graft compared with the peripheral graft. The central cornea thickness decreases and peripheral corneal thickness increases. Central corneal graft deturgescence stabilizes by 6 months after surgery.

PMID:
19327750
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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