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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Apr 14;106(15):6182-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0807695106. Epub 2009 Mar 26.

Elevated CO2 stimulates marsh elevation gain, counterbalancing sea-level rise.

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  • 1Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, 647 Contees Wharf Road, Edgewater, MD 21037, USA.

Abstract

Tidal wetlands experiencing increased rates of sea-level rise (SLR) must increase rates of soil elevation gain to avoid permanent conversion to open water. The maximal rate of SLR that these ecosystems can tolerate depends partly on mineral sediment deposition, but the accumulation of organic matter is equally important for many wetlands. Plant productivity drives organic matter dynamics and is sensitive to global change factors, such as rising atmospheric CO(2) concentration. It remains unknown how global change will influence organic mechanisms that determine future tidal wetland viability. Here, we present experimental evidence that plant response to elevated atmospheric [CO(2)] stimulates biogenic mechanisms of elevation gain in a brackish marsh. Elevated CO(2) (ambient + 340 ppm) accelerated soil elevation gain by 3.9 mm yr(-1) in this 2-year field study, an effect mediated by stimulation of below-ground plant productivity. Further, a companion greenhouse experiment revealed that the CO(2) effect was enhanced under salinity and flooding conditions likely to accompany future SLR. Our results indicate that by stimulating biogenic contributions to marsh elevation, increases in the greenhouse gas, CO(2), may paradoxically aid some coastal wetlands in counterbalancing rising seas.

PMID:
19325121
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2661312
Free PMC Article

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