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J Occup Environ Med. 2009 Apr;51(4):401-10. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e3181a2feeb.

Health of US veterans of 1991 Gulf War: a follow-up survey in 10 years.

Author information

  • 1Department of Veterans Affairs, Environmental Epidemiology Service, Washington DC 20420, USA. han.kang@va.gov

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess periodically the health status of a cohort of 1991 Gulf War veterans by comparing various health outcomes with those of their military peers who were not deployed to the Gulf.

METHODS:

We conducted a follow-up health survey to collect health information among population-based samples of 30,000 veterans (15,000 Gulf War veterans and 15,000 Gulf Era veterans) using a structured questionnaire.

RESULTS:

Gulf veterans reported significantly higher rates of unexplained multi-symptom illness, chronic fatigue syndrome-like illness, posttraumatic stress disorder, functional impairment, health care utilization, a majority of selected physical conditions and all mental disorders queried during the survey than did Gulf Era veteran controls.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fourteen years after deployment, 1991 Gulf War veterans continue to report a higher prevalence of many adverse health outcomes, compared with Gulf Era veterans.

PMID:
19322107
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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