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Transfus Med. 2009 Apr;19(2):78-88. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3148.2009.00907.x. Epub 2009 Mar 23.

Performance of three automated fourth-generation combined HIV antigen/antibody assays in large-scale screening of blood donors and clinical samples.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Microbiology, Orebro University Hospital, Orebro, Sweden. kerstin.malm@orebroll.se

Abstract

Since the introduction in the mid-1980s, HIV testing has gradually improved both in terms of sensitivity and specificity. The so-called fourth generation of tests, combined HIV antigen/antibody assays, has now been introduced. This study compares three automated combined assays with older third-generation antibody assays in large-scale screening. Serum samples from routine screening of blood and plasma donors and clinical samples were investigated for specificity evaluation. Three fourth-generation combination assays from one manufacturer were compared with three older third-generation antibody assays from the same manufacturer. More than 40 000 samples per assay were included. For sensitivity, selected panels of confirmed HIV-1- and HIV-2-positive samples as well as seroconversion samples (HIV-1) from commercial panels and also from patients who appeared during the evaluation were used. The specificities of the fourth-generation tests were 99.91% (AxSYM), 99.95% (ARCHITECT) and 99.97% (PRISM) after repeated testing. Some specificity variation between reagent batches was observed. All HIV-1-positive samples were reactive by the three fourth-generation systems. HIV-1 seroconversion samples and panels were reactive earlier than by antibody-only tests. As for HIV-2 samples, AxSYM failed to detect one (n = 40), whereas PRISM and ARCHITECT detected all (n = 16 for PRISM and n = 52 for ARCHITECT). The new HIV antigen/antibody combination assay systems were found to have high sensitivity and specificity. The instruments provided a rational and easy way of testing at large scale.

PMID:
19320855
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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