Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
PLoS One. 2009;4(3):e4884. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0004884. Epub 2009 Mar 25.

Regulator of G-protein signaling 14 (RGS14) is a selective H-Ras effector.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States of America.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS) proteins have been well-described as accelerators of Galpha-mediated GTP hydrolysis ("GTPase-accelerating proteins" or GAPs). However, RGS proteins with complex domain architectures are now known to regulate much more than Galpha GTPase activity. RGS14 contains tandem Ras-binding domains that have been reported to bind to Rap- but not Ras GTPases in vitro, leading to the suggestion that RGS14 is a Rap-specific effector. However, more recent data from mammals and Drosophila imply that, in vivo, RGS14 may instead be an effector of Ras.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Full-length and truncated forms of purified RGS14 protein were found to bind indiscriminately in vitro to both Rap- and Ras-family GTPases, consistent with prior literature reports. In stark contrast, however, we found that in a cellular context RGS14 selectively binds to activated H-Ras and not to Rap isoforms. Co-transfection / co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated the ability of full-length RGS14 to assemble a multiprotein complex with components of the ERK MAPK pathway in a manner dependent on activated H-Ras. Small interfering RNA-mediated knockdown of RGS14 inhibited both nerve growth factor- and basic fibrobast growth factor-mediated neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells, a process which is known to be dependent on Ras-ERK signaling.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

In cells, RGS14 facilitates the formation of a selective Ras.GTP-Raf-MEK-ERK multiprotein complex to promote sustained ERK activation and regulate H-Ras-dependent neuritogenesis. This cellular function for RGS14 is similar but distinct from that recently described for its closely-related paralogue, RGS12, which shares the tandem Ras-binding domain architecture with RGS14.

PMID:
19319189
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2655719
Free PMC Article

Images from this publication.See all images (8)Free text

Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk