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N Z Med J. 2009 Feb 27;122(1290):83-97.

New Zealand's venomous creatures.

Author information

  • 1New Zealand National Poisons Centre, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. robin@poisons.co.nz

Abstract

AIM:

New Zealand is home to a small number of venomous creatures. The purpose of this review is to educate and update healthcare professionals on the management of envenoming from these creatures.

METHODS:

An extensive literature review was performed by systematically searching OVID MEDLINE and ISI Web of Science. In addition, further information was obtained from book chapters, relevant news reports, and web material.

RESULTS:

The signs and symptoms resulting from envenoming of clinically significant venomous creatures found in New Zealand are discussed. Definitive medical treatment recommendations are made.

CONCLUSION:

Encounters with New Zealand's few venomous creatures, while rarely fatal, can cause significant morbidity. Effective management can be achieved by informed health professionals having regard to the principles outlined in this review.

PMID:
19319171
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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