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Cancer Res. 2009 Apr 1;69(7):3148-56. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-2334. Epub 2009 Mar 24.

Programmed cell death protein 4 down-regulates Y-box binding protein-1 expression via a direct interaction with Twist1 to suppress cancer cell growth.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology, School of Medicine, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Yahatanishi-ku, Kitakyushu, Japan.


Programmed cell death protein 4 (PDCD4) has recently been shown to be involved in both transcription and translation, and to regulate cell growth. However, the mechanisms underlying PDCD4 function are not well understood. In this study, we show that PDCD4 interacts directly with the transcription factor Twist1 and leads to reduced cell growth through the down-regulation of the Twist1 target gene Y-box binding protein-1 (YB-1). PDCD4 interacts with the DNA binding domain of Twist1, inhibiting its DNA binding ability and YB-1 expression. Immunohistochemical analysis showed that an inverse correlation between nuclear PDCD4 and YB-1 expression levels was observed in 37 clinical prostate cancer specimens. Growth suppression by PDCD4 expression was completely recovered by either Twist1 or YB-1 expression. Moreover, PDCD4-overexpressing cells are sensitive to cisplatin and paclitaxel but not to etoposide or 5-fluorouracil. In summary, PDCD4 negatively regulates YB-1 expression via its interaction with Twist1 and is involved in cancer cell growth and chemoresistance.

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