Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2009 May 1;73(6):771-9. doi: 10.1002/ccd.21930.

Angiographic and clinical outcomes of drug-eluting versus bare metal stent deployment in the Occluded Artery Trial.

Author information

  • 1Division of Cardiology, Peter Munk Cardiac Centre, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The majority of patients randomized to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the Occluded Artery Trial (OAT) and its angiographic substudy, the Total Occlusion Study of Canada 2 (TOSCA-2) were treated with bare metal stents (BMS). We aimed to determine if stenting of the target occlusion in OAT with drug-eluting stents (DES) was associated with more favorable angiographic results and clinical outcome when compared with treatment with BMS.

METHODS:

TOSCA-2 DES was a prospective nonrandomized substudy that provided 1-year angiographic comparison of late loss and reocclusion in 25 patients treated with DES and in 128 treated with BMS. In addition, all PCI-assigned patients enrolled from the time when DES were first utilized were similarly categorized (DES n = 77, and BMS n = 386) and compared using the 3-year cumulative OAT primary combined endpoint of death, myocardial infarction, or Class-IV heart failure, as well as angina.

RESULTS:

In-segment late loss was 0.14 +/- 0.45 mm for DES and 0.75 +/- 0.86 mm for BMS (P < 0.001). Corresponding binary restenosis rates were 13.0% and 44.3% (P = 0.005). Occlusion at 1 year was observed in 4.0 and 12.1%, respectively (P = 0.23). The 3-year cumulative primary event rate was 13.8% with DES and 12.5% with BMS (hazard ratio 1.08, 99% confidence intervals 0.44, 2.64; P = 0.83). Angina over time occurred less frequently in the DES group (P = 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS:

Although the reduction of late loss and trend to reduction in reocclusion with the use of DES for PCI of persistently occluded IRA 3-28 days post myocardial infarction did not translate into a signal for reduction in death, reinfarction, or Class IV heart failure, DES use was associated with less angina over time. Further follow-up is warranted.

Comment in

PMID:
19309733
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2819385
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Substances, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Substances

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk