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Hematology. 2009 Apr;14(2):84-9. doi: 10.1179/102453309X385205.

Prognostic significance of immunohistochemical classification of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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  • 1Division of Hematology, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine, Balcova, Izmir, Turkey.

Abstract

AIM:

To evaluate the clinical significance of immunoperoxidase staining for CD10, bcl-6, mum-1 and bcl-2 to subdivide DLBCL into prognostic subgroups, we analysed 50 DLBCL cases using immunohistochemical methods.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Fifty DLBCL patients were evaluated retrospectively. The expression of CD10 was associated with better OS (p=0.04) whereas expression of mum-1 was associated with worse OS (p=0.009). There were no significance of OS in case of expression of bcl-6 (p=0.05) and bcl-2 (p=0.3). They were subclassified using CD10, mum-1, bcl-6 as germinal center B-cell like (GCB) lymphoma (30%) and non-GCB lymphoma (70%). The OS and EFS (event free survival) were longer in GCB group (p=0.002) and 5-year OS for GCB group was 92% compared with only 44% for the non-GCB group (p=0.02). The OS of the GCB group also was longer compared to that of the non-GCB group in low IPI subgroup (p=0.01).

CONCLUSION:

The existence of survival differences between GCB a non-GCB group also in the patients with low IPI score, showed the importance of prognostic classification in the risk-adaptive treatment approaches. The classification as GCB and non-GCB based immunostains may enable to define more accurate prognostic groups in DLBCL.

PMID:
19298719
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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