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Neurocrit Care. 2009;11(2):247-50. doi: 10.1007/s12028-009-9211-2. Epub 2009 Mar 17.

Intra-arterial air thrombogenesis after cerebral air embolism complicating lower extremity sclerotherapy.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurology, Massachusetts General Hospital, WAC 7, 55 Fruit Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA. tleslie-mazwi@partners.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cerebral arterial gas embolism is a potentially life-threatening event. Intraarterial air can occlude blood flow directly or cause thrombosis. Sclerotherapy is an extremely rare cause of cerebral arterial gas embolism.

METHOD:

Case-report

RESULTS:

A 38-year-old female suffered acute onset of a left middle cerebral artery (LMCA) syndrome with an NIH stroke score of 11 approximately 10 min after lower extremity sclerotherapy. CT angiogram demonstrated LMCA intraarterial air. Patient fully recovered after hyperbaric oxygen treatment with complete resolution of intraarterial air. However, thrombus replaced intraarterial air despite anticoagulation with heparin.

CONCLUSION:

We provide radiological evidence of hyperbaric oxygen therapy resolving intraarterial air but also demonstrate the thrombogenic potential of this procedural complication.

PMID:
19294535
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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