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Amyloid. 2009 Mar;16(1):25-31. doi: 10.1080/13506120802676831.

Slaughtered aged cattle might be one dietary source exhibiting amyloid enhancing factor activity.

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  • 1Department of Medicine (Neurology and Rheumatology), Shinshu University School of Medicine, Matsumoto, Japan.

Abstract

It has been shown that experimental murine AA amyloidosis can be enhanced by dietary ingestion of amyloid fibrils, and it is known that systemic AA amyloidosis occasionally develops in aged cattle. In this study, we examined amyloid deposits in renal and muscular tissues simultaneously obtained from slaughtered aged cattle; from both tissues when affected, amyloid-enhancing activity was also investigated. On histopathology, renal amyloid deposition was seen in nine of the 293 cattle with no history of disease, and minute amyloid deposition in muscular tissue was detectable in one of these nine. All these amyloid deposits were immunohistochemically demonstrated to be AA. Extracts, which might contain amyloid fibril fractions, were isolated from renal and muscular tissues in five of these nine cattle. On SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis, protein bands immunoreactive to anti-AA serum were detected in the kidney fractions obtained from four of the five latter cattle, but no bands were seen in the muscle fractions of any of the five cattle. Amyloid fibril fractions from two cattle were intravenously injected into group of seven experimentally designed mice for induction of AA amyloidosis. All seven mice injected with kidney fraction developed severe AA amyloidosis, whereas only one of the seven mice given muscle fraction showed slight amyloid deposition in the spleen. These data suggest that food products made from aged cattle possess amyloid-enhancing potential.

PMID:
19291511
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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