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J Clin Psychiatry. 2009 Mar;70(3):326-33. Epub 2009 Mar 10.

Evidence for efficacy and tolerability of vilazodone in the treatment of major depressive disorder: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Mood and Anxiety Disorders Section, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3309, USA. krickels@mail.med.upenn.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The efficacy and tolerability of vilazodone, a combined selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and partial 5-hydroxytryptamine-1A (5-HT(1A)) receptor agonist, were evaluated in adult patients with major depressive disorder (MDD).

METHOD:

This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted from February 2006 to May 2007. Patients aged 18 through 65 years with MDD (DSM-IV criteria) and a baseline 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAM-D-17) score of >or= 22 were randomly assigned to vilazodone or placebo for 8 weeks. Vilazodone was titrated from 10 mg to 40 mg once a day over 2 weeks. Efficacy was assessed by mean change from baseline to week 8 on the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), HAM-D-17, and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety. Response rates were determined at week 8 for the MADRS, HAM-D-17, and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity of Illness (CGI-S) and -Improvement (CGI-I) scales. Data were analyzed using a modified last-observation-carried-forward method in the intention-to-treat (ITT) sample. The Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX) was also measured at baseline and week 8.

RESULTS:

Of 410 randomly assigned patients, 198 receiving vilazodone and 199 receiving placebo were included in the ITT population. The mean changes in MADRS and HAM-D-17 total scores from baseline to week 8 were significantly (p = .001 and p = .022, respectively) greater with vilazodone than with placebo. Significant (p < .05) improvements in MADRS and HAM-D-17 scores were noted at week 1, the earliest time point measured. Response rates were significantly higher with vilazodone than with placebo on the MADRS (p = .007), HAM-D-17 (p = .011), and CGI-I (p = .001). Treatment-emergent adverse events with vilazodone included diarrhea, nausea, and somnolence; most adverse events were of mild or moderate intensity. There were no clinically significant differences for either gender in ASEX scores at end of treatment.

CONCLUSIONS:

Vilazodone is effective for the treatment of MDD in adults, with symptom relief starting at 1 week, and is well tolerated at a dose of 40 mg/day.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00285376.

┬ęCopyright 2009 Physicians Postgraduate Press, Inc.

PMID:
19284933
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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