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Am J Psychiatry. 1991 Nov;148(11):1548-51.

Trauma experiences, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, and depression in Cambodian refugees.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, Beloit College, WI 53511.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The authors' goal was to determine the levels of trauma and psychiatric symptoms in a randomly selected group of Cambodian refugees and to determine the relationship between the amount of trauma experienced and subsequent psychiatric symptoms.

METHOD:

Data on traumatic experiences and symptoms of posttraumatic stress, dissociation, depression, and anxiety were collected on 50 randomly selected Cambodian refugees who had resettled in the United States.

RESULTS:

Subjects experienced multiple and severe traumas and showed high levels of all symptoms measured. Forty-three (86%) of the subjects met DSM-III-R criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder, 48 (96%) had high dissociation scores, and 40 (80%) could be classified as suffering from clinical depression. Correlations between trauma scores and symptom scores and among symptom scores were moderate to large.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results indicate that a high proportion of Cambodian refugees who are not psychiatric patients suffer from severe psychiatric symptoms and that there is a relationship between the amount of trauma they experienced and the severity of these symptoms.

PMID:
1928471
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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