Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
Scand J Immunol. 2009 Apr;69(4):381-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3083.2009.02233.x.

Eosinophil cationic protein stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Respiratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden. ulrika.zagai@cardoz.se

Abstract

Asthma is characterized by eosinophilic inflammation and remodelling of the airways. Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) is a protein released by activated eosinophils and the hypothesis that ECP contributes to the development of structural changes in the airways of asthmatics has been posed. Fibroblast recruitment is an important step in the remodelling process, and we therefore put the question whether ECP stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts. Human peripheral eosinophils isolated from buffycoats from healthy individuals were cultured and conditioned media (CM) were collected. Native ECP was extracted from human peripheral eosinophils by gel filtration, ion-exchange and chelating chromatography. The ability of eosinophil CM and ECP to stimulate fibroblast migration was determined using the 48-well Boyden chamber. ECP concentrations in CM were assayed by ECP-CAP-FEIA. Both CM and ECP significantly stimulated fibroblast migration (48.4+/-cells/field versus 33+/-2 and 36+/-6 versus 25+/-4; P<0.001 and 0.05 respectively) in a time- and concentration-dependent manner. Adding neutralizing ECP antibodies attenuated fibroblast migration induced by both ECP as well as CM. ECP stimulates migration of human lung fibroblasts, suggesting a potential mechanism for eosinophils in the fibrotic response. This may be an important mechanism by which ECP promotes remodelling of extracellular matrix leading to airway fibrosis in asthmatics.

PMID:
19284504
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Blackwell Publishing
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk