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Dis Colon Rectum. 2009 Feb;52(2):239-47. doi: 10.1007/DCR.0b013e31819793d9.

Performance characteristics of anal cytology and human papillomavirus testing in patients with high-resolution anoscopy-guided biopsy of high-grade anal intraepithelial neoplasia.

Author information

  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. jmichael.berry@ucsf.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

High-resolution anoscopy is colposcopy of the anus after applying 3 percent acetic acid. High-resolution anoscopy with biopsy was used as the standard for detecting high-grade anal neoplasia and was compared to detection of high-grade anal neoplasia by anal cytology, human papillomavirus testing, or the combination.

METHODS:

A total of 125 men who have sex with men (MSM) were enrolled from a group of MSM identified by random digit dialing: HIV-negative = 85, HIV-positive = 35, and unknown status = 5. A specimen was taken for anal cytology and human papillomavirus testing, followed by high-resolution anoscopy with biopsy of any lesions.

RESULTS:

Ninety-one percent of HIV-positive and 57 percent of HIV-negative MSM had anal human papillomavirus infection. In HIV-positive men the sensitivity of abnormal cytology to detect high-grade anal neoplasia was 87 percent, and in HIV-negative MSM it was 55 percent. Among HIV-negative men, 9 of 20 cases of high-grade anal neoplasia would have been missed because cytology was negative, but the addition of human papillomavirus positivity increased sensitivity for the combination to 90 percent.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sensitivity and specificity of anal cytology and human papillomavirus testing are different in HIV-positive and HIV-negative MSM for detecting high-grade anal neoplasia when patients have high-resolution anoscopy-guided biopsy of lesions. The optimum use of human papillomavirus testing has yet to be defined. High-resolution anoscopy is an effective tool for diagnosing high-grade anal neoplasia.

PMID:
19279418
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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