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J Pediatr Psychol. 2009 Oct;34(9):977-88. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jsp003. Epub 2009 Mar 6.

Generic and diabetes-specific parent-child behaviors and quality of life among youth with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Children's Memorial Hospital, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2300 Children's Plaza, Box 10, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA. jwbenchell@childrensmemorial.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate associations among parent-child behaviors and generic and diabetes-specific health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in a multi-site sample of youth with type 1 diabetes.

METHOD:

One hundred and twenty-one youth and their primary caregivers completed measures of parent-child behaviors, child HRQOL, and participated in an observed family interaction task.

RESULTS:

Diabetes-specific parent-child variables were associated significantly with both generic and diabetes-specific HRQOL above and beyond the contributions of demographic and generic parent-child variables, accounting for between 13% and 31% of the variance in HRQOL. Diabetes-specific family conflict and negative diabetes-specific family communication were associated with lower HRQOL. Collaborative parent involvement in diabetes care was associated with higher levels of HRQOL.

CONCLUSIONS:

Interventions that target diabetes-specific family interactions will be beneficial to the quality of life of children with type 1 diabetes.

PMID:
19270028
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2782249
Free PMC Article
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