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Genet Med. 2009 Apr;11(4):256-64. doi: 10.1097/GIM.0b013e3181981d82.

Evaluation of a low dose, after a standard therapeutic dose, of agalsidase beta during enzyme replacement therapy in patients with Fabry disease.

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  • 1Clinical Department of Cardiology and Angiology, Charles University in Prague, First Faculty of Medicine, Prague, Czech Republic. lubanda@mail.cz

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Fabry disease, a genetic deficiency of alpha-galactosidase A, is characterized by pathogenic cellular accumulation of globotriaosylceramide. During clinical trials, recombinant human alpha-galactosidase A (agalsidase beta; Fabrazyme, Genzyme Corporation, Cambridge, MA), infused intravenously at 1.0 mg/kg every 2 weeks for 6 months, cleared or reduced globotriaosylceramide in renal, cardiac, and dermal microvascular endothelia and other cells, with results sustained for up to 5 years in most patients evaluated. This study explored whether a lower dose could maintain globotriaosylceramide clearance achieved with 1.0 mg/kg.

METHODS:

Cellular globotriaosylceramide levels were assessed histologically in kidney and skin biopsies from 21 adult Fabry males treated for 6 months at 1.0 mg/kg/2 weeks followed by 18 months at 0.3 mg/kg/2 weeks.

RESULTS:

In kidney interstitial capillary endothelium, the primary endpoint, globotriaosylceramide clearance was achieved in 100% of patients with 1.0 mg/kg and maintained in 90% with 0.3 mg/kg. In seven other renal cell types and superficial dermal capillary endothelium, globotriaosylceramide reduction or clearance was maintained with 0.3 mg/kg in approximately 70% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS:

A lower dose of agalsidase beta may be sufficient in some, but not all, patients with Fabry disease to maintain the cellular globotriaosylceramide clearance achieved with 1.0 mg/kg/2 weeks. Long-term clinical effects of transitioning to the lower dose have not been evaluated.

PMID:
19265719
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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