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J Immunol. 2009 Mar 15;182(6):3372-9. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.0801969.

Human dendritic cells stimulated via TLR7 and/or TLR8 induce the sequential production of Il-10, IFN-gamma, and IL-17A by naive CD4+ T cells.

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  • 1Research and Development, Stallerg√®nes SA, France.

Abstract

Depending upon which TLRs are triggered, dendritic cells (DCs) may orient the differentiation of naive CD4(+) T cells toward either Th1, Th2, regulatory T cells, or the recently defined Th17 lineage. In this study, we report that a dual stimulation of TLR4 and TLR7/8 with LPS plus R848 leads human monocyte-derived DCs (MoDCs) to produce multiple pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-10, IL-12, and IL-23. Surprisingly, a significant variability in the up-regulation of these cytokines is observed in DCs obtained from various healthy donors, with approximately one of three being "high responders." High responding MoDCs stimulated via TLR4 and TLR7/8 induce naive allogeneic CD4(+) T cell to secrete sequentially IL-10 and IFN-gamma, and eventually IL-17A, whereas low responding MoDCs only stimulate IFN-gamma production. Both TLR7 and TLR8 play a central role in this phenomenon: TLR4 triggering with LPS up-regulates TLR7 expression on human MoDCs from high responders, silencing of either TLR7 or TLR8 mRNAs inhibits cytokine production in LPS plus R848-treated MoDCs, and plasmacytoid DCs constitutively expressing high levels of TLR7 induce the production of IL-10, IFN-gamma, and IL-17A by naive T cells when stimulated with R848 alone. Collectively, our results illustrate the synergy between TLR4 and TLR7/8 in controlling the sequential production of regulatory and proinflammatory cytokines by naive CD4(+) T cells. The observed polymorphism in DC responses to such TLR-mediated stimuli could explain differences in the susceptibility to infectious pathogens or autoimmune diseases within the human population.

PMID:
19265114
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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