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J Child Neurol. 2009 Mar;24(3):316-22. doi: 10.1177/0883073808324217.

Insights on chronic-relapsing opsoclonus-myoclonus from a pilot study of mycophenolate mofetil.

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  • 1National Pediatric Myoclonus Center and Department of Neurology, SouthernIllinois University School of Medicine, Springfield, Illinois, USA. mpranzatelli@siumed.edu

Abstract

Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome is characterized by abnormal lymphocyte trafficking into brain. The authors hypothesized that mycophenolate mofetil, a lymphocyte proliferation inhibitor, might be therapeutic. The cerebrospinal fluid and blood immunophenotypes of 15 children with predominantly chronic-relapsing opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome were compared before and after treatment by flow cytometry. Mycophenolate mofetil reduced the cerebrospinal fluid expansion of HLA-DR+ activated T cells (-40%); the frequency of other T-cell or natural killer cell subsets remained unchanged, but cerebrospinal fluid B cells increased significantly. Adrenocorticotropic hormone dose was lowered by 64% over an average of 1.5 years, yet 73% eventually relapsed despite therapeutic drug levels. Prior treatment with rituximab prevented relapse-associated increase in cerebrospinal fluid B cells, without hindering mycophenolate mofetil-induced reduction in T-cell activation. These data demonstrate resistant immunologic problems in chronic-relapsing opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome. Mycophenolate mofetil did not prevent relapse. The novel effect of mycophenolate mofetil on chronically activated T cells may contribute to its efficacy in T-cell mediated neurological disorders.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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