Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Infect Immun. 2009 May;77(5):2113-24. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01205-08. Epub 2009 Mar 2.

Listeria monocytogenes sigmaB modulates PrfA-mediated virulence factor expression.

Author information

  • 1Department of Food Science, Cornell University, 405 Stocking Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. tmb224@cornell.edu

Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes sigma(B) and positive regulatory factor A (PrfA) are pleiotropic transcriptional regulators that coregulate a subset of virulence genes. A positive regulatory role for sigma(B) in prfA transcription has been well established; therefore, observations of increased virulence gene expression and hemolytic activity in a DeltasigB strain initially appeared paradoxical. To test the hypothesis that L. monocytogenes sigma(B) contributes to a regulatory network critical for appropriate repression as well as induction of virulence gene expression, genome-wide transcript profiling and follow-up quantitative reverse transcriptase PCR (qRT-PCR), reporter fusion, and phenotypic experiments were conducted using L. monocytogenes prfA*, prfA* DeltasigB, DeltaprfA, and DeltaprfA DeltasigB strains. Genome-wide transcript profiling and qRT-PCR showed that in the presence of active PrfA (PrfA*), sigma(B) is responsible for reduced expression of the PrfA regulon. sigma(B)-dependent modulation of PrfA regulon expression reduced the cytotoxic effects of a PrfA* strain in HepG2 cells, highlighting the functional importance of regulatory interactions between PrfA and sigma(B). The emerging model of the role of sigma(B) in regulating overall PrfA activity includes a switch from transcriptional activation at the P2(prfA) promoter (e.g., in extracellular bacteria when PrfA activity is low) to posttranscriptional downregulation of PrfA regulon expression (e.g., in intracellular bacteria when PrfA activity is high).

PMID:
19255187
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2681731
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk