Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Biol Chem. 2009 Apr 17;284(16):10747-54. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M809209200. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

Role of {alpha}-subunit VISIT-DG sequence residues Ser-347 and Gly-351 in the catalytic sites of Escherichia coli ATP synthase.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biological Sciences, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee 37614, USA.


This paper describes the role of alpha-subunit VISIT-DG sequence residues alphaSer-347 and alphaGly-351 in catalytic sites of Escherichia coli F(1)F(o) ATP synthase. X-ray structures show the very highly conserved alpha-subunit VISIT-DG sequence in close proximity to the conserved phosphate-binding residues alphaArg-376, betaArg-182, betaLys-155, and betaArg-246 in the phosphate-binding subdomain. Mutations alphaS347Q and alphaG351Q caused loss of oxidative phosphorylation and reduced ATPase activity of F(1)F(o) in membranes by 100- and 150-fold, respectively, whereas alphaS347A mutation showed only a 13-fold loss of activity and also retained some oxidative phosphorylation activity. The ATPase of alphaS347Q mutant was not inhibited, and the alphaS347A mutant was slightly inhibited by MgADP-azide, MgADP-fluoroaluminate, or MgADP-fluoroscandium, in contrast to wild type and alphaG351Q mutant. Whereas 7-chloro-4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1, 3-diazole (NBD-Cl) inhibited wild type and alphaG351Q mutant ATPase essentially completely, ATPase in alphaS347A or alphaS347Q mutant was inhibited maximally by approximately 80-90%, although reaction still occurred at residue betaTyr-297, proximal to the alpha-subunit VISIT-DG sequence, near the phosphate-binding pocket. Inhibition characteristics supported the conclusion that NBD-Cl reacts inbetaE (empty) catalytic sites, as shown previously by x-ray structure analysis. Phosphate protected against NBD-Cl inhibition in wild type and alphaG351Q mutant but not in alphaS347Q or alphaS347A mutant. The results demonstrate that alphaSer-347 is an additional residue involved in phosphate-binding and transition state stabilization in ATP synthase catalytic sites. In contrast, alphaGly-351, although strongly conserved and clearly important for function, appears not to play a direct role.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk