Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Sleep. 2009 Feb;32(2):253-61.

Behavioral correlates of sleep-disordered breathing in older men.

Author information

  • 1Department of Otolaryngology--Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA. ekezirian@ohns.ucsf.edu

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVES:

To examine the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and subjective measures of daytime sleepiness, sleep quality, and sleep-related quality of life in a large cohort of community-dwelling older men and to determine whether any association remained after adjustment for sleep duration.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional. The functional outcome measures of interest were daytime sleepiness (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, ESS), sleep-related symptoms (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, PSQI), and sleep-related quality of life (Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, FOSQ). Analysis of variance and adjusted regression analyses examined the association between these outcome measures and SDB severity and actigraphy-determined total sleep time (TST). We then explored whether associations with SDB were confounded by sleep duration by adjusting models for TST.

SETTING:

Community-based sample in home and research clinic settings.

PARTICIPANTS:

Two-thousand eight-hundred forty-nine older men from the multicenter Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Study that began in 2000. All participants underwent in-home polysomnography for 1 night and wrist actigraphy for a minimum of 5 consecutive nights.

INTERVENTIONS:

N/A.

MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS:

Participants were aged 76.4 + 5.5 years and had an apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of 17.0 + 15.0. AHI and TST were weakly correlated. ESS scores individually were modestly associated with AHI and TST, but the association with AHI was attenuated by adjustment for TST. PSQI and FOSQ scores were largely not associated with measures of SDB severity but were modestly associated with TST.

CONCLUSIONS:

Daytime sleepiness, nighttime sleep disturbances, and sleep-related quality of life were modestly associated with TST. After adjustment for TST, there was no independent association with SDB severity. These results underscore the potential differences in SDB functional outcomes in older versus young and middle-aged adults.

PMID:
19238813
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2635590
Free PMC Article

Publication Types, MeSH Terms, Grant Support

Publication Types

MeSH Terms

Grant Support

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk