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Circulation. 2009 Mar 10;119(9):1253-62. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.108.798983. Epub 2009 Feb 23.

Cardiac myosin binding protein-C phosphorylation in a {beta}-myosin heavy chain background.

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  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Ohio, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Cardiac myosin binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) phosphorylation modulates cardiac contractility. When expressed in cMyBP-C-null (cMyBP-C((t/t))) hearts, a cMyBP-C phosphomimetic (cMyBP-C(AllP+)) rescued cardiac dysfunction and protected the hearts from ischemia/reperfusion injury. However, cMyBP-C function may be dependent on the myosin isoform type. Because these replacements were performed in the mouse heart, which contains predominantly alpha-myosin heavy chain (alpha-MyHC), the applicability of the data to humans, whose cardiomyocytes contain predominantly beta-MyHC, is unclear. We determined the effect(s) of cMyBP-C phosphorylation in a beta-MyHC transgenic mouse heart in which >80% of the alpha-MyHC was replaced by beta-MyHC, which is the predominant myosin isoform in human cardiac muscle.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

To determine the effects of cMyBP-C phosphorylation in a beta-MyHC background, transgenic mice expressing normal cMyBP-C (cMyBP-C(WT)), nonphosphorylatable cMyBP-C (cMyBP-C(AllP)(-)), or cMyBP-C(AllP+) were bred into the beta-MyHC background (beta). These mice were then crossed into the cMyBP-C((t/t)) background to ensure the absence of endogenous cMyBP-C. cMyBP-C((t/t)/beta) and cMyBP-C(AllP)(-)(:(t/t)/beta) mice died prematurely because of heart failure, confirming that cMyBP-C phosphorylation is essential in the beta-MyHC background. cMyBP-C(AllP+:(t/t)/beta) and cMyBP-C(WT:(t/t)/beta) hearts showed no morbidity and mortality, and cMyBP-C(AllP+:(t/t)/beta) hearts were significantly cardioprotected from ischemia/reperfusion injury.

CONCLUSIONS:

cMyBP-C phosphorylation is necessary for basal myocardial function in the beta-MyHC background and can preserve function after ischemia/reperfusion injury. Our studies justify exploration of cMyBP-C phosphorylation as a therapeutic target in the human heart.

PMID:
19237661
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2656413
Free PMC Article

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