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Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2009 Mar;29(2):155-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.2008.00623.x.

The influence of oblique viewing on axial and peripheral refraction for emmetropes and myopes.

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  • 1Visual and Ophthalmic Optics Laboratory, School of Optometry and Institute of Health & Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, Queensland, Australia. a.mathur@qut.edu.au

Abstract

Refraction may be affected by the forces of lids and extraocular muscles when eye direction and head direction are not aligned (oblique viewing) which might potentially influence past findings on peripheral refraction of the eye. We investigated the effect of oblique viewing on axial and peripheral refraction. In a first experiment, cycloplegic axial refractions were determined when subjects' heads were positioned to look straight-ahead through an open-view autorefractor and when the heads were rotated to the right or left by 30 degrees with compensatory eye rotation (oblique viewing). Subjects were 16 young emmetropes (18-35 years), 22 young myopes (19-36 years) and 15 old emmetropes (45-60 years). In a second experiment, cycloplegic peripheral refraction measurements were taken out to +/-34 degrees horizontally from fixation while the subjects rotated their heads to match the peripheral refraction angles (eye in primary position with respect to the head) or the eyes were rotated with respect to the head (oblique viewing). Subjects were 10 emmetropes and 10 myopes. We did not find any significant changes in axial or peripheral refraction upon oblique viewing for any of the subject groups. In general for the range of horizontal angles used, it is not critical whether or not the eye is rotated with respect to the head during axial or peripheral refraction.

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