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Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2009 Feb;19(1):82-91. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2008.11.008. Epub 2009 Feb 21.

Oncogenic gene fusions in epithelial carcinomas.

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  • 1Michigan Center for Translational Pathology, University of Michigan Medical School, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA. prensner@umich.edu

Abstract

New discoveries regarding recurrent chromosomal aberrations in epithelial tumors have challenged the view that gene fusions play a minor role in these cancers. It is now known that recurrent fusions characterize significant subsets of prostate, breast, lung and renal-cell carcinomas, among others. This work has generated new insights into the molecular subtypes of tumors and highlighted important advances in bioinformatics, sequencing, and microarray technology as tools for gene fusion discovery. Given the ubiquity of tyrosine kinases and transcription factors in gene fusions, further interest in the potential 'druggability' of gene fusions with targeted therapeutics has also flourished. Nevertheless, the majority of chromosomal abnormalities in epithelial cancers remain uncharacterized, underscoring the limitations of our knowledge of carcinogenesis and the requirement for further research.

PMID:
19233641
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2676581
Free PMC Article

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