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J Chromatogr A. 2009 May 8;1216(19):4263-7. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.01.102. Epub 2009 Feb 5.

Centrifugal precipitation chromatography, a powerful technique for the isolation of active enzymes from tea leaves (Camellia sinensis).

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  • 1Shizuoka University, Ohya, Suruga-ku, Japan. s.baldermann@tu-bs.de


Centrifugal precipitation chromatography was developed approximately 10 years ago. In contrast to other counter-current chromatographic techniques, the centrifugal precipitation chromatography system is operated with two mutually miscible solutions separated by a cut-off membrane. Centrifugal precipitation chromatography was firstly introduced for the separation of proteins using an ammonium sulfate gradient. In this study we describe a novel approach using solvent-based protein precipitation for the isolation of active plant enzymes from tea leaves (Camellia sinensis) by centrifugal precipitation chromatography. We developed a gradient based on acetone and Tris-buffer, because the biological activity of carotenases in tea leaves cannot be preserved in the presence of ammonium sulfate. Parameters such as the critical solvent concentration, flow rate, buffer concentration, and sample load were determined and/or optimized. Subsequently, the newly developed separation protocol was successfully used for the isolation of active carotenoid cleavage enzymes from tea leaves. The isolated enzymes showed high enzymatic activities and purities and could be directly used for enzymatic assays and structure elucidation.

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