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Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet. 2009 Dec 5;150B(8):1078-84. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.b.30933.

Evidence that self-reported psychotic experiences represent the transitory developmental expression of genetic liability to psychosis in the general population.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, South Limburg Mental Health Research and Teaching Network, EURON, Maastricht University Medical Centre, The Netherlands.

Abstract

It has been suggested that self-reported, common, non-clinical psychotic experiences may represent the transitory developmental expression of distributed genetic risk for psychosis. In a sample of female MZ (176 pairs) and DZ twins (113 pairs), cross-twin, cross-trait analyses were conducted to investigate the association between repeated continuous measures of self-reported psychotic experiences (PE-three measures over 18 months), assessed with the CAPE, in one twin and clinical interview categorical measures of psychotic symptoms (PS), assessed with SCID-I, in the other twin. The results showed that in MZ but not DZ pairs (interaction: chi(2) = 7.9, df = 1, P = 0.005), the cross-twin association between PE and PS was large and significant (standardized effect size: 0.26, 95% CI: 0.10-0.42) and of similar magnitude as the within-twin PE-PS association (standardized effect size: 0.28, 95% CI: 0.10-0.45), demonstrating both PE validity and genetic effects. In addition, the cross-twin association between PE and PS was significantly larger (interaction: chi(2) = 20.3, df = 1, P < 0.0001) for younger MZ twins (standardized effect size: 0.67, 95% CI: 0.44-0.90) than older MZ twins (standardized effect size: -0.05, 95% CI: -0.26 to 0.16), demonstrating developmental effects. This study indicates that self-reported psychotic experiences in the general population may represent the developmental expression of population genetic risk for psychosis.

2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

PMID:
19229852
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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