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J Comp Neurol. 2009 Apr 10;513(5):469-82. doi: 10.1002/cne.21967.

Calbindin and S100 protein expression in the developing inner ear in mice.

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  • 1Department of Auditory Neuroscience, Institute of Experimental Medicine, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Prague, Czech Republic. bucki@biomed.cas.cz


Calbindin (CB) and S100 are calcium-binding proteins expressed in the inner ear in vertebrates. Information about their developmental roles is incomplete. This study investigated the expression patterns of CB and S100 in C3H mice using immunohistochemistry, from embryonic day 11 (E11) to postnatal day 10 (P10). CB was expressed in the otocyst and vestibulocochlear ganglion (VCG) from E11. In the cochlea at E17, CB immunoreactivity clearly labeled the VCG, the outer and inner hair cells, and the stria vascularis. CB staining was also present in the vestibular sensory cells, including their nerve fibers. Two days later, to this expression pattern was added the labeling of Kölliker's organ. Early postnatal CB expression encompassed VCG neurons, auditory hair cells, their afferent nerve fibers, and cells of the cochlear lateral wall. The first signs of S100 immunostaining of cochlear and vestibular epithelial cells appeared at E14. At E17 S100 immunoreactivity was found in a restricted expression pattern in the cochlea. Immunostaining was also present in the sacculus and utriculus and their afferent fibers. The Deiters', pillar and inner hair cells, and the VCG were S100-positive from E19. Postnatally, S100 staining also appeared in the inner hair cells and Deiters' cells, in some VCG neurons, and, in addition, in the spiral limbus, the spiral prominence, and the intermediate cells of the stria vascularis. This study demonstrates that the sites of CB and S100 expression in the mouse inner ear during embryonic and early postnatal development do not overlap and signal independent developmental patterns.

(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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