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Neurochirurgie. 2009 Mar;55 Suppl 1:S63-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuchi.2008.05.005. Epub 2009 Feb 14.

[Mechanisms controlling axonal sprouting at the neuromuscular junction].

[Article in French]

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  • 1Service de neurochirurgie, CHU La-Mil├ętrie, 2, rue de la Mil├ętrie, BP 577, 86021 Poitiers cedex, France.


This paper explores the specific roles of sprouting stimuli, perisynaptic Schwann cells and neuromuscular activity in axonal sprouting at the neuromuscular junction in partially denervated muscles. As for sprouting stimuli, insulin-like growth factor II which is generated from inactive muscle fibers in partially denervated and paralysed skeletal muscle is described. Likewise, perisynaptic Schwann cells can induce and guide axonal sprouting in partially denervated muscles. Finally, excessive neuromuscular activity significantly reduces bridging of the perisynaptic Schwann cell processes between denervated and innervated endplates and thereby inhibits axonal sprouting in partially denervated muscle. The lack of neuromuscular activity is also harmful in axonal sprouting, probably by impeding calcium influx into the nerve.

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