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HIV Med. 2009 May;10(5):302-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1293.2008.00687.x. Epub 2009 Feb 8.

Risk factors for incident diabetes mellitus among HIV-infected patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy in Taiwan: a case-control study.

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  • 1Centers for Disease Control, Department of Health, Taipei, Taiwan.



Recent studies suggest that patients with HIV infection are at increased risk for incident diabetes mellitus (DM). We investigated the incidence and risk factors of DM among HIV-infected patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (CART) in Taiwan.


Incident cases of DM were identified among HIV-infected patients at the National Taiwan University Hospital between 1993 and 2006. A retrospective case-control study was conducted after matching cases with controls for sex, age at HIV diagnosis, year of HIV diagnosis, mode of HIV transmission and baseline CD4 lymphocyte count. A multivariate analysis was performed to identify risk factors for incident DM among HIV-infected patients.


In 824 HIV-infected patients eligible for analysis, 50 cases of incident DM were diagnosed, resulting in an incidence of 13.1 cases per 1000 person-years of follow-up. In total, 100 matched controls were identified. Risk factors for incident DM were a family history of DM [odds ratio (OR) 2.656; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.209-5.834], exposure to zidovudine (OR 3.168; 95% CI 1.159-8.661) and current use of protease inhibitors (OR 2.528; 95% CI 1.186-5.389).


Incident DM was associated with a family history of DM, exposure to zidovudine and current use of protease inhibitors in HIV-infected patients receiving CART in Taiwan.

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