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Arch Immunol Ther Exp (Warsz). 2009 Jan-Feb;57(1):13-8. doi: 10.1007/s00005-009-0001-5. Epub 2009 Feb 14.

New developments in the use of citation analysis in research evaluation.

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  • 1Center for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University, Leiden, the Netherlands.


This paper presents an overview of research assessment methodologies developed in the field of evaluative bibliometrics, a subfield of quantitative science and technology studies, aimed to construct indicators of research performance from a quantitative statistical analysis of scientific-scholarly documents. Citation analysis is one of its key methodologies. The paper illustrates the potentialities and limitations of the use of bibliometric indicators in research assessment. It discusses the relationship between metrics and peer review; databases used as sources of bibliometric analysis; the pros and cons of indicators often applied, including journal impact factors, Hirsch indices, and normalized indicators of citation impact; and approaches to the bibliometric measurement of institutional research performance.

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